Serving All Users, Great and Small
By Rick Clare, Head of Technical Services, Henry Whittemore Library
First of all, there are no “Small” users,
every user is important to the staff of the Whittemore Library.
Librarians have traditionally been identified with paper-based information, card catalogs and books for instance, as possessed by their institution. The field of librarianship is adapting to digital technologies in the production, display, storage and retrieval of information in all formats. These transitions have altered the focus of librarians, from simply “this is what we have” to “let us discover sources that will satisfy your request and then arrange for you to access them.” This has yielded the paradoxical result that librarians are increasingly able to swiftly identify highly relevant sources of information, but they are less likely to serve users with “hard copy” during that first transaction.
Remote digital information sometimes seems to be less available, involving more wait-time, than off-the-shelf volumes as in the past. Although this situation appears to make libraries and librarians less crucial to the information gathering process, it simply reflects the fact that as the galaxy of potential sources has been revealed the speed of access has not quickened apace. The impatience this situation sometimes engenders often results in yet another paradox: despite the abundance of information users inadvertently settle for lower quality information that they find for themselves immediately at hand. By analogy, as the result of waiting and being dissatisfied with repairs at automobile dealerships users have now elected to repair their own vehicles using tools and parts they create for themselves.
This is in fact the “Golden Age of Information” – we can identify and access information more accurately and comprehensively than ever before; we inadvertently run the risk of tarnishing our results when we expect or demand instantaneous delivery. This golden age of information, conducted at the speed of light, rewards planning and patience as never before. Making a pass through the internet with Google, or like search engines, is the equivalent of trawling for fish using a net with an unknown number of variously sized holes and choosing to be satisfied with the results brought to the surface. Not all of the world’s valuable information is or ever will be contained within the internet.
As the universe of information continues to become more expansive, variegated, unregulated or unreviewed, the value of professional expertise in searching and selecting current, high-quality information quietly escalates, off stage as it were. The analogy of librarians to automobile mechanics rings true in that professionals in both of these fields rarely design or manufacture the products they are called to support or enhance. They function as practical engineers, servicing demanding customers and their customized vehicles who expect error-free results, regardless of the timeframe, availability of parts or prevailing circumstances, at the lowest possible cost, although error and cost-free, instantaneous results would be even more welcome.
As an idealized interface or intermediary, librarians frequently ask users questions about their queries, not to prejudge or pry into the user or the use to be made of the search results, but to enhance the accuracy of the retrieval and bringing the need for further search refinement or a complementary search to light. Searches such as “Uses of Aspirin” and “Contraindications or Adverse Effects of Aspirin” will yield different and divergent results, some of which will bear upon the question of “Should I use aspirin now?” (to treat this or that ailment or injury).
Putting aside unanswerable, factual questions such as “What caused Beethoven’s deafness?” if the information might be put into more complete perspective by an opinion from an “expert” librarians are familiar with the concepts of “the invisible college” and “gatekeepers” and routinely employ the webs of human interaction and access to find influential and informed opinions. Over the objection of Disraeli, more and more of our world is bounded and directed by statistics. Frequently the most objective, or least distorted, statistics are gathered by government agencies. Making sense of government publications, among the most prodigious sources in the world, and confidently plucking appropriate needles from the haystacks of such publications are professional subspecialties of librarianship.
All of which is to say: information does not come into being, nor it is necessarily labeled, packaged, or retrieved in entirely unambiguous baskets, defined by any universally accepted set of standards. Even so, the answers to all questions are not matters of opinion. The challenge of research at virtually any level is to ask the questions as precisely as possible, keeping watch for exceptions and anomalies, and to draw sensible interpretations and theories from the results. If humanity possessed the clarity for unerring introspection and for the flawless recognition of reality many of our professions would not exist. Specialization, while an undoubted aid to the subtleties of the process, is best leavened by experience and judgment. As often as not, explorers are misled by their discoveries, subsequent fieldwork puts their findings into perspective. There is no weakness or defeat in improving the quality of information users may unearth by soliciting the assistance of librarians; the interpretation and exposition of findings remains the nuanced responsibility of every user. Our profession is impartially dedicated to serving users; our departmentalization is but an organizational convenience for the conduct of our own business. Collectively, library departments assist each other and the array of users, great and small.
Librarians and lovers of history met to edit and create entries on Wikipedia in honor of Open Access Week 2013
Come Celebrate Open Access Week at Framingham State
By: Shelby Wood
Ever have trouble finding secondary articles for a research paper? Personally, I have been up for hours in the library trying to find an article for a paper that was due the next day. Well, Framingham State University is offering Open Access Week a celebration of research now offered free on the Internet.
Secondary sources are a hard thing to find. Many times, you find one, get half way through the paper and find that to read the rest of it you need to pay money, or agree to an account somewhere. That’s not what students want when they are panicking about a research paper; these sites that people go to end up scamming them and then they are out of luck for a secondary source.
The purpose of Open Access Week is to support open access research. Open Access means free availability to full text article for anyone. The articles are scholarly and peer reviewed for any student or faculty.
The Whittemore Library has given students the option to use secondary sources of their choosing from the schools website. Often times the articles that are chosen are not sources that students wish to use with information that would help them.
The goal of the week is to just do public good. To help students find information that will help them with projects and papers. The week seeks to provide exposure for a wider audience to resources that they will be able to access now, and long after they leave Framingham State.
By celebrating Open Access week we also increasing the public’s visibility of the work done by authors who might have otherwise remain unknown. The more students learn about Open Access Week and how it affects everyone the more they will gain using Open Access resources. Faster learning and a more adaptable pace for research are two possible benefits.
Also offered with Open Access week is the Wikipedia Edit-a-thon on Thursday from 9am-2pm. Topic discussed will be the history of education in Massachusetts and more!
Open Access not only affects students here at Framingham State but also the public. All over the world Open Access week should be celebrated, making it known that research and articles can be read and written about no charge. Free education is something to be highly celebrated.
As a child there was one thing I begged for before going to sleep, a bedtime story. Stories that we grew up with and dreamt about throughout our childhood. But now as the years go by children’s books are being patronized and pulled apart by the little things authors write about, language and violence for example, are two things parents are now revolting against within these childhood books.
Banned Books Week is a week that the Whitmore Library displays books that have banned by different schools. The books that are banned are mostly in public libraries and elementary schools libraries that have parents that want to challenge the library to take away that certain book because they believe that the book is not suitable for children to be reading. For example, Where the Wild Things Are, by Maurice Sendak, was banned for its belief of being too frightening to be in a children’s library.
Kim Cochrane, who is the Curriculum Librarian, describes how the process of a book is banned “Every library should have a policy on banned books.First, we ask the person challenging the book, to read the book, and write their reasons for the challenge. The challenge is brought to the board of that particular library. At that point the board might decide to let the book stay on the shelf, or to remove the book, either temporarily or permanently.” The books that are displayed when walking into the Whittemore Library are books that people should be surprised about, these are the books that we grew up with and are currently being banned. Parents, who want to challenge the distribution of some of the books, miss the entire point to why the book was written. The point of the week is to spread the word of books that are being banned all over the country. Hopefully by spreading the word people will come to realize some of the ridiculous accusations that parents are complaining about in children’s books.
In my opinion I think the entire idea of a book being banned is ridiculous. Especially if it is a book that was written specifically for children. Authors write these books for the child’s enjoyment, not to scare the child or to show them how to use profound language. Parents are complaining about ridiculous things that they didn’t like about the book and coming up with crazy accusations so that the books are taken off the shelves. Libraries around the nation should do exactly what Kim said they should do, which is to take the book off the shelf until the subject dies down. The book should go back on the shelf afterwards, because these books have contributed to our growth, parent’s growth and should be there to read for the next generation.
By: Shelby Wood
Greetings everyone! My name is Shelby Wood. I am a sophomore this year at Framingham State. My major is in English with a concentration in Journalism. I hope to declare my minor in psychology this year as well. My goal when I graduate is to become an advice columnist for a magazine or a newspaper (hopefully somewhere in New York). I am currently on the college’s newspaper the Gatepost and do the Gatepost Interview. I also have another job on campus at Campus Events.
I am looking forward to this social media internship and blogging about the Library.